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1999年考研英语试题

http://edu.dahe.cn 2007年07月19日 09:19   来源:   
    Part ⅠStructure and Vocabulary(每题0.5分,共20分)


Section A
Directions:
Beneath each of the following sentences, there are four choices marked [A],[B],[C]and [D].Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET Ⅰ by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets with a pencil. (5 points)
Example:
I have been to the Great Wall three times [] 1979.
[A]from[B]after[C]for [D]since
The sentence should read, I have been to the Great Wall three times since 1979.” Therefore, you should choose [D]. Sample Answer
[A] [B] [C] [D]
1、Anyone with half an eye on the unemployment figures knew that the assertion about economic recovery [] just around the corner was untrue.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A]would be
[B]to be
[C]was
[D]being


2、Smoking is so harmful to personal health that it kills [] people each year than automobile accidents.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A]seven more times
[B]seven times more
[C]over seven times
[D]seven times


3、It's easy to blame the decline of conversation on the pace of modern life and on the vague changes [] place in our everchanging world.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A]taking
[B]to take
[C]take
[D]taken


4、This is an exciting area of study,and one [] which new applications are being discovered almost daily.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A]from
[B]by
[C]in
[D]through


5、[] can be seen from the comparison of these figures,the principle involves the active participation of the patient in the modification of his condition.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A]As
[B]What
[C]That
[D]It


6、Although I had been invited to the opening ceremony,I was unable to attend [] such short notice.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A]to
[B]in
[C]with
[D]on


7、California has more light than it knows [] to do with but everything else is expensive.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A]how
[B]what
[C]which
[D]where


8、The solution works only for couples who are selfemployed,dont have small children and get along [] to spend most of their time together.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A]so well
[B]too well
[C]well as
[D]well enough


9、Marlin is a young man of independent thinking who is not about [] compliments to his political leaders.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A]paying
[B]having paid
[C]to pay
[D]to have paid


10、These proposals sought to place greater restrictions on the use and copying of digital information than [] in traditional media.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A]exist
[B]exists
[C]existing
[D]to exist


Section B
Directions:
Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked [A],[B],[C]and [D]. Identify the part of the sentence that is incorrect and mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET Ⅰ by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets with a pencil.(5 points)
Example:
A number of[A] foreign visitors were taken[B] to the industrial exhibition, which[C] they saw[D] many new products. Answer [C] is wrong. The sentence should read, A number of foreign visitors were taken to the industrial exhibition, where they saw many new products.” So you should choose [C].
Sample Answer
[A] [B] [C][D]
11、Your math instructor would have been [A] happy to give you a makeup examination had you gone [B] and explained [C] that your parents had been [D] ill at the time.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A]
[B]
[C]
[d]


12、As the children become financially [A] independent of [B]the family, the emphasis on [C]family financial security will shift from protection to save [D] for the retirement years.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A]
[B]
[C]
[d]


13、Were [A] the Times Co. to purchase another major media company, there is no doubt that it could [B] dramatically transform a family-ran [C] enterprise that still gets 90%of its [D] revenues from newspapers.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A]
[B]
[C]
[d]


14、Symposium talks will cover a wide range [A] of subjects from [B] overfishing to physical and environment [C] factors that affect the populations [D] of different species.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A]
[B]
[C]
[d]


15、Conversation calls for a[A]willingness to alternate the role of speaker with one [B]of listener,[C]and it calls for occasional “digestive pauses” by [D]both.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A]
[B]
[C]
[d]


16、If two theories are equal to [A]their ability to account for [B]a body of data,the theory that does so [C] with the smaller number of assumptions is to be preferred.[D]

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A]
[B]
[C]
[d]


17、The Committee adopted a resolution requiring [A] the seven automakers selling [B] the most cars in the state making [C]2 percent of those vehicles emissions-free [D] by 1998.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A]
[B]
[C]
[d]


18、As long as [A] poor peolpe, who in general are colored, are in conflict with [B] richer people who in general are lighter [C]skin,[D]theres going to be a constant racial conflict in the world.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A]
[B]
[C]
[d]


19、All those left undone [A] may sound greatly [B] in theory,but even the truest believer [C] has great difficulty when [D] it comes to specifics.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A]
[B]
[C]
[d]


20、Even if[A] automakers modify commercially produced cars to run on [B]alternative fuels,[C]the cars wont catch on in a big way when [D] drivers can fill them up at the gas station.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A]
[B]
[C]
[d]


Section C
Directions:
Beneath each of the following sentences, there are four choices marked [A],[B],[C]and [D]. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET Ⅰ by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets with a pencil. (10 points)
Example:
The lost car of the Lees was found in the woods off the highway.
[A]vanished [B]scattered [C]abandoned [D]rejected
The sentence should read, The lost car of the Lees was found abandoned in the woods off the highway.” Therefore, you should choose [C].
Sample Answer[A] [B] [C] [D]
21、An important property of a scientific theory is its ability tofurther research and further thinking about a particular topic.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A] stimulate
[B] renovate
[C] arouse
[D] advocate


22、Although architecture has artistic qualities, it must also satisfy a number of important practical.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A] obligations
[B] regulations
[C] observations
[D] considerations


23、Life insurance is financial protection for dependents against lossthe bread-winners death.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A] at the cost of
[B] on the verge of
[C] as a result of
[D] for the sake of


24、In education there should be a goodamong the branches of knowledge that contribute to effective thinking and wise judgment.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A] distribution
[B] balance
[C] combination
[D] assignment


25、 The American dream is mostduring the periods of productivity and wealth generated by American capitalism.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A] plausible
[B] patriotic
[C] primitive
[D] partial


26、Poverty is not in most cities although, perhaps because of the crowded conditions in certain areas, it is more visible there.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A] rare
[B] temporary
[C] prevalent
[D] segmental


27、People who live in small towns often seem more friendly than those living in populated areas.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A] densely
[B] intensely
[C] abundantly
[D] highly


28、As a way ofthe mails while they were away, the Johnsons asked the cleaning lady to send little printed slips asking the senders to write again later.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A] picking up
[B] coping with
[C] passing out
[D] getting across


29、Toms mother tried hard to persuade him tofrom his intention to invest his savings in stock market.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A] pull out
[B] give up
[C] draw in
[D] back down


30、 An increasing proportion of our population, unable to live without advanced medical, will become progressively more reliant on expensive technology.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A] interference
[B] interruption
[C] intervention
[D] interaction


31、 These causes produced the great change in the country that modernized theof higher education from the mid-1860s to the mid-1880s

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A] branch
[B] category
[C] domain
[D] scope


32、Nobody yet knows how long and how seriously thein the financial system will drag down the economy.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A] shallowness
[B] shakiness
[C] scantiness
[D] stiffness


33、 Crisis would be the right term to describe thein many animal species.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A] minimization
[B] restriction
[C] descent
[D] decline


34、The city is an important railroadand industrial and convention center.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A] conjunction
[B] network
[C] junction
[D] link


35、 Prof. White, my respected tutor, frequently reminds me to myself of every chance to improve my English.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A] assure
[B] inform
[C] avail
[D] notify


36、Researchers discovered that plants infected with a virus give off a gas thatdisease resistance in neighboring plants.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A] contracts
[B] activates
[C] maintains
[D] prescribes


37、Corporations and labor unions have great benefits upon their employees and members as well us upon the general public.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A] conferred
[B] granted
[C] flung
[D] submitted


38、The movement of the moon conveniently provided the unit of month, which was from one new moon to the next.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A] measured
[B] reckoned
[C] judged
[D] assessed


39、 The judge ruled that the evidence was inadmissible on the grounds that it wasto the issue at hand.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A] irrational
[B] unreasonable
[C] invalid
[D] irrelevant


40、Fuel scarcities and price increasesautomobile designers to scale down the largest models and to develop completely new lines of small cars and trucks.

(本题分值:0.5分)
[A] persuaded
[B] prompted
[C] imposed
[D] enlightened


1,2,3,4,5

责任编辑: 张巧玲
 
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